The particulate emissions from process industries has received great attention due to the upcoming strict environmental protection agency (EPA) regulations and conservation in recent years. The Electrostatic precipitators (ESP) since its development in 1907 by Frederick G. Cottrell (Professor of chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley) have been the most common, effective and reliable technologies for removal of hazardous emissions like flue gases, acid droplets and fine particles.

Carbon Black (CB) is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as FCC (Fluid Catalytic Cracking) tar, coal tar, ethylene cracking tar, and a small amount of vegetable oil. It is a form of amorphous carbon that has a high surface area to volume ratio majorly used as a pigment and reinforcement in rubber and plastic products. CB is made in specially designed reactors operating at internal temperatures in the range of 2600 F to 3600 F.

Heat Exchangers have always been critical devices in industries ranging from thermal power plants, chemical process industry and recently among heat recovery equipment. In their efforts to utilize every BTU of available heat energy, product design engineers aim to develop the most efficient heat exchanger designs. Different type of heat exchangers exists in industry ranging from shell and tube, plate heat exchanger to direct contact heat exchanger.

Heat exchangers have always been critical devices in industries ranging from thermal power plants, chemical process industry and recently among heat recovery equipments. In their efforts to utilize every BTU of available heat energy, product design engineers aim to develop the most efficient heat exchanger designs.  Different type of heat exchangers exists in industry ranging from shell and tube, plate heat exchanger to direct contact heat exchangers.

A turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. A turbine is a turbo machine with at least one moving part called a rotor assembly, which has a shaft or drum with blades attached. Moving fluid acts on the blades so that they move and impart rotational energy to the rotor.

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